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Young women treated in very early HIV infection stay HIV negative and preserve immune function
Gus Cairns, 2016-07-18 21:00:00

A group of young South African women who were diagnosed in very early infection and immediately given antiretroviral therapy (ART) preserved their CD4 counts and the function of cells that HIV normally disrupts. And the majority of them never seroconverted, staying HIV-negative despite having evidence of low levels of HIV infection in cells.

It is planned to follow these young women for two to three years, at which point a judgement will be made about offering them the option of undergoing an Analytical Treatment Interruption (ATI) – in other words stopping their ART to see if they can remain undetectable without drugs.

The study was presented at the 2016 Towards a Cure Symposium, a two-day meeting on the latest pure and social science news in the world of HIV cure research, which preceded the 2016 International AIDS Conference that has just started in Durban, South Africa.